women and peace

Hiroshima, Nagasaki: never again!

women and the bomb

Hiroshima on August 6th -- a city, a symbol, and a call to end the atomic age.
On the morning of August 6th, 1945, an unusual new kind of weapon was dropped on the city of Hiroshima. Three days later a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.

August 6-9, 2005: the 60th Anniversary of the first use of atomic weapons against civilians. People and groups around the world marked the occasion with calls to bring an end to the nuclear age.

"The Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome) was the only structure left standing in the area where the first atomic bomb exploded on 6 August 1945. Through the efforts of many people, including those of the city of Hiroshima, it has been preserved in the same state as immediately after the bombing. Not only is it a stark and powerful symbol of the most destructive force ever created by humankind; it also expresses the hope for world peace and the ultimate elimination of all nuclear weapons."

Hiroshima and Nagasaki Day 60th anniversary actions to take, all year round:

Sign and tell others about an international petition to abolish nuclear weapons

10 THINGS YOU CAN DO to Support the Call for Nuclear Abolition from Abolition Now!

Mayors for Peace
: "On June 24, 1982, at the 2nd UN Special Session on Disarmament held at UN Headquarters in New York, then Mayor Takeshi Araki of Hiroshima proposed a new Program to Promote the Solidarity of Cities toward the Total Abolition of Nuclear Weapons. This proposal offered cities a way to transcend national borders and work together to press for nuclear abolition. Subsequently, the mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki called on mayors around the world to support this program.

The Mayors for Peace is composed of cities around the world that have formally expressed support for the program Mayor Araki announced in 1982. As of May 26 , 2005, membership stood at 1,036 cities in 112 countries and regions..."
Check here for local and regional initiatives, world-wide

The Japan Council against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs (Gensuikyo) was established in September 1955. Since then it has waged various kinds of campaigns for: the prevention of nuclear war; the total ban on and the elimination of nuclear weapons; and support and solidarity with Hibakusha (victims of the atomic bombing.)

sunflowers -- the international symbol
for nuclear disarmament

Resources on Hiroshima-Nagasaki

Review of six films, from the Hiroshima Day website, Austin, Texas

The debate on why the bomb was used:

The myths of Hiroshima
By Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin,
(coauthors of "American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer," published earlier this year by Knopf.)

..."The bomb was dropped, as J. Robert Oppenheimer, scientific director of the Manhattan Project, said in November 1945, on 'an essentially defeated enemy.' President Truman and his closest advisor, Secretary of State James Byrnes, quite plainly used it primarily to prevent the Soviets from sharing in the occupation of Japan. And they used it on Aug. 6 even though they had agreed among themselves as they returned home from the Potsdam Conference on Aug. 3 that the Japanese were looking for peace..."

Patriotic Correctness: the Hiroshima cover-up
"This article, which is drawn from the book, "Hiroshima in America: Fifty Years of Denial", shows how the media and government have covered up the full story of the U.S. atomic attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, then and since. Lessons from this historic episode are applicable to the current "war on terrorism" even more so now than when the article originally appeared." (2002)

"Hiroshima After Sixty Years: The Debate Continues"
by Gar Alperovitz, August 3, 2005
..."Did the atomic bomb, in fact, cause Japan to surrender? Most Americans think the answer is self-evident. However, many historical studies–including new publications by two highly regarded scholars--challenge the conventional understanding. In a recently released Harvard University Press volume drawing upon the latest Japanese sources, for instance, Professor Tsuyohsi Hasegawa concludes that the traditional “myth cannot be supported by historical facts.” By far the most important factor forcing the decision, his research indicates, was the Soviet declaration of war against Japan on August 8, 1945, just after the Hiroshima bombing..."

"Unhappy Anniversary of the Bomb"
By Matthew Rothschild, August 4, 2005
..."Now, 60 years later, the possibility that the United States would once again recklessly use nuclear weapons cannot be discounted. We have leaders in Washington who view atomic weapons as just another hammer in the toolbox.
Bush and Cheney and Rumsfeld are dead set on "modernizing" our nuclear weapons, and they are preparing scenarios for their use..."

"Brecht and the responsibility of the scientist": Women and Life on Earth-Southwest coordinator Constanze Frank speaks at the Upaya Zen Center in Santa Fe, NM. before the showing of "Fat Man and Little Boy", a film about the Manhattan Project.

This site has many links and a detailed bibliography at:

THE ATOMIC BOMB--A Study of Aftermath
Lindsey Anhalt, December 2000

Hiroshima Archive
"Inspired by the photographic work "Hiroshima" by Japanese artist Hiromi Tsuchida, The Hiroshma Archive was originally set up to join the on-line effort made by many people all over the world to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing. The archive is intended to serve as a research and educational guide to those who want to gain and expand their knowledge of the atomic bombing.
Hiroshima Directory offers Internet resources as well as a selected bibliography of printed books, articles, and other research materials regarding the bombing of Hiroshima. Its main foci are history and the arts.
The Gallery shows poignant imagery from the postwar work "Hiroshima" by Hiromi Tsuchida, published with permission."

Archive: 60th Anniversary reports

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